By: Debasish Choudhury  Jun. 07, 2021
Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center, CA, reported a CMS Value Based Purchasing (VBP) adjustment factor of 0.9959 in the year 2021, which could result in an estimated penalty of $152,466. Medicare Spending Per Beneficiary (MSPB) accounts for 25% of overall VBP score and is a significant factor in driving VBP payments. MSPB costs include the costs from 3 days before hospitalization, index hospital stays, and 30 days post-discharge. The measure score of the Efficiency & Cost Reduction domain for Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center during the period was 1/10. Dexur is an approved purchaser of CMS Medicare claims data and based on our simulator, we estimate that Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center can avoid VBP penalties by reducing MSPB Cost by 4.3%.
Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center’s average MSPB cost per episode (risk adjusted and price standardized) for the period of January 2019 to December 2019 was $21,965.The average cost of post Index Stays was $14,172 with a total of 1,885 episodes.
Pomona Valley Hospital Medical Center can achieve the break-even VBP adjustment factor of 1 by earning 3 points in MSPB and thereby avoid VBP penalties to achieve incentives. Hospitals need to reduce post Index hospitalization costs to meet these MSPB reduction targets. Dexur’s simulator has identified four main levers and estimated reduction in each of these levers to reduce MSPB to the target levels and ultimately achieve a positive MSPB score:
Reduction in rehospitalizations: 11% shift can cause 1.1% reduction in MSPB cost and impacts 25 episodes.
Shift from SNF discharge to home: 11% shift causes 1.7% reduction in average MSPB cost and impacts 51 episodes.
Shift from SNF discharge to Home Health Agency: 11% shift causes 1.4% reduction in average MSPB cost and impacts 51 episodes.
Shift from Home Health Agency to Home: 11% shift results in 0.1% reduction in average MSPB cost and impacts 18 episodes.
In Summary, the four levers impact 145 episodes and reduce MSPB costs by 4.3% and improve the MSPB performance rate to 0.947. This increases the VBP adjustment factor to 1.0007 and helps attain an incentive of $26,030.
A higher reduction in Post Index stay costs can further improve the VBP score to attain incentives. For example, a 20% reduction in post index stay costs can reduce the average MSPB cost by 7.7%, and earn a VBP Adjustment Factor of 1.0039, thereby achieving an incentive of $145k.